Building Survey

Douglaston Hill National Register Historic District

INCLUDING BLOCK AND LOT NUMBERS AND POSTAL ADDRESSES

Architectural Classification

  • Late Victorian - Queen Anne
  • Late Victorian - Shingle Style (influences)
  • Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals - Colonial Revival
  • Late 19th and Early 20th Century American Movements - Bungalow/Craftsman

Materials

  • Foundation: Stone; Brick
  • Walls:Wood - weatherboard, shingle, porch supports, half-timbering; Brick; Stucco; Asbestos; Metal - aluminum, copper; Terra Cotta
  • Roofs:Asphalt; Stone - slate
  • Other:Belgian block streetscape elements

Narrative Description

The development of Douglaston Hill began in earnest in the 1890s, but the heart of the community dates to a half-century before, with the founding and construction of Zion Episcopal Church. At the time of its completion in 1830, Zion served a far-flung community, and was known throughout Douglaston-Little Neck as "the white church on the hill."1

Zion‹s first building was constructed with local materials (with the exception of the window glass), and built by local artisans from plans by prominent New York architect Richard Upjohn.2 This first building had neither chancel nor middle aisle, and is remembered in local histories as a simple country church. In 1862, in memory of his father, William P. Douglas enlarged Zion Church by the addition of a chancel and vestry room, and enriched the interior with stained glass windows and a pipe organ. A Parish House was built nearby in 1896-97 and became the social center of the parish and the entire community. Monthly socials were held as well as annual fairs, strawberry festivals, and church suppers.

A fire in 1924 destroyed the Church and heavily damaged the Parish Hall. Local architect Aubrey Grantham (with builder Samuel Lindbloom) was asked to rebuild, and modernize, the Church. His composition incorporated the community‹s suggestions for a longer nave and a spire to replace the earlier square tower, and resulted in a restrained and dignified design - which was a featured illustration in Architectural Record of March 1927. The design is a simplified expression of Colonial Revival, with clear antecedents in the American colonial churches derived from Sir Christopher Wren - wherein horizontal classical forms combine with the Gothic verticality of a central tower. The Parish House, rebuilt at the same time, shares the simple and elegant design elements of the sanctuary, while providing for a range of community functions, such as a 150-person auditorium, kitchen and meeting rooms.

An acre of land for Zion‹s church yard was donated in 1834. In 1885 Bloodgood Cutter donated two acres to the east of the church in memory of his wife. Together the cemetery plots comprise 7 acres of grounds; an acre and half parking lot is across 44th Avenue from the Parish House. The cemetery features several notable gravestones, including a large stone cross marking Bloodgood Cutter‹s grave, and the memorial to the reinterred Matinecoc Indians - a dramatic version of their tribal sign, a tree growing from a split rock. Additionally, the church grounds features numerous old, specimen trees, such as Japanese maples, sweet cherry trees, black locusts, a pagoda tree and two Kentucky coffee trees.

At the turn of the century Douglaston Hill‹s built environment included Zion Church, several small structures along Orient Avenue, many of which belonged to oystermen,3 and a few farmhouses. 105 Depew Avenue and 240-27 Depew Avenue are two of the oldest houses in the Historic District, dating from the mid-nineteenth century and, like the oystermen‹s houses, represent the organic development of the Hill. Other than these, maps of Douglaston Hill from 1873 and 1891 show one structure on the lots laid out in 1853. By 1902, seventeen structures were mapped, and by 1909, nearly half of the houses within the Historic District were constructed.4 All but a few were completed by 1930.

At the turn of the 19th century, many of the generous lots were subdivided, wherein the 200‹ front-to-rear dimension was retained but the 200‹ side-to-side dimension was diminished. While lots throughout the district now vary in size, the site plans of the majority of houses help maintain the uniformity lost by those subdivisions. On most streets, nearly all the houses are sited along the same plane -- near the street and centered on their lot, with car storage off the street and mature trees providing canopy from the rear. Those which retained a 150‹ to 200‹-deep yard, particularly along the north side of 43rd Avenue, have carriage houses, barns and garages placed at the rear of the long yard.5

Sidewalks, historic Belgian block gutters on several blocks, and a nearly continuous use of Belgian block curbstones further add to an atmosphere of coherent design and shared public spaces along the street. The historic gutters are largely intact along 240th Street, 43rd Avenue and the southern end of 243rd Street.

Most houses in Douglaston Hill combine stylistic elements from those architectural styles popular from 1890 to 1900. This relatively consistent use of popular styles contributes to the district‹s overall integrity of visual coherence, materials and workmanship. Mass produced construction components and rail transportation gave rise to the freer plans and stylistic excesses of the Colonial Revival style, which influenced the Late Victorian Queen Anne and Shingle Styles. These three styles, and their vernacular complement, predominated for Douglaston Hill houses built prior to 1910. The picturesque qualities of weatherboard and wood-shingle cladding, intersecting rooflines, tall brick chimneys and spacious porches link many of the houses from this period. An eclectic use of classically inspired detailing, characteristic of the Colonial Revival style, is prevalent throughout the Hill: patterned shingle ornament, Palladian window groupings, classical door and window surrounds and pedimented porticos.

The Hill‹s early speculative houses reflect a combination of stylistic influences - and particularly illustrate how such influences are incorporated into basic vernacular forms by local builders. The four houses at 240-24, 240-38, 240-40, 240-42 42nd Avenue (built by Douglaston resident William J. Hamilton in 1903) feature a complicated intersection of gables and multi-level eaves common in the high-style Shingle houses of the 1880s, yet they are modestly-scaled and otherwise simple architectural expressions. Two other speculative houses built by Hamilton in 1908 - 43-17 and 43-11 242nd Street - also illustrate this response. The basic American foursquare plan is architecturally elevated by incorporating classical door surrounds, by a symmetrical treatment of fenestration, and by modest decorative features such as eave brackets. The houses maintain a vernacular simplicity, while also expressing a link to popular architectural styles.

The houses along the western end of 43rd Avenue illustrate a more stylized expression of the Colonial Revival, Queen Anne and Shingle Style idioms. Particularly, 240-25 and 240-35 43rd Avenue feature many high-style decorative elements -- such as the deep semi-elliptical entry porch with classical entry surround and Tuscan column porch supports; and complex treatment of window groupings, including a Palladian window complemented by decorative swags. These houses were designed by architect D.S. Hopkins in 1901 for two prominent families, who were also developers of the Hill. On the south side of 43rd Avenue, a row of four houses, 240-16, 240-22, 240-40 and 240-42, illustrate those same stylistic influences in form as much as ornamentation - with deep porches under the roofline, prominent central bay windows and dormers, and elliptical-arched porch openings.

In the 1920s, subdivision of lots continued, and more modest homes, a few multi-family dwellings and a commercial strip at Douglaston Parkway and Northern Boulevard filled out the development. The Hill houses built during this period reflected the popularity of and Tudor Revival and Craftsman styles. The steep sloping roof, exposed rafters and decorative brackets characterized the Craftsman. Several single-family homes and the three multi-family complexes in Douglaston Hill were built in the Tudor Revival style, incorporating steeply pitched roofs, patterned brick work (and the use of "clinker" brick), overlapping gables and the use of stucco and faux half-timbering. Three multi-family complexes are nicely incorporated into the over residential character of the District, while maintaining their own sense of individuality.

Individual Building Sites

Click the photographs to see them enlarged!

Key:

  • Contributing: largely intact -- slight modifications, such as removal of ornament
  • Contributing: slightly altered -- changes to original cladding or windows
  • Contributing: altered -- enclosed porch, major additions
  • Contributing: heavily altered -- numerous
 
  1. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8111/86
     
    Address
    243-01 Northern Boulevard
     
    Date of Construction
    1925
     
    Architect
    Aubrey Grantham
     
    Builder
    Bob the builder
     
    Original Owner

    Contributing: slightly altered. Colonial Revival-style church, front-gabled roofline, two shallow cross gables on axis with the chancel (originally functioning as organ and rector's rooms). White weatherboard cladding - original cladding intact on steeple and spire; façade and gable cladding replaced by aluminum siding as is cornice and frieze.

    The front façade features a projecting front-gabled vestibule reaching to the horizontal cornice line of the main pediment. Rising behind the main pediment, a square bell tower supports the spire. (A third front-gabled projection, just behind and extending below the front vestibule was added after original construction.) Except for a famed plaque depicting the Church name, the façade is devoid of ornament. A tall, paneled double-door entry features a simplified classical surround. Seven (four along the east facade, three along the west) 16/16 double-hung sash windows light the sanctuary, and feature glass tinged with a lavender hue.

    The sanctuary's interior proportions are classical, with longitudinal orientation toward the altar. Slightly raised, the apse chancel is framed by a wooden segmental arch supported by pilasters and capped with a wooden keystone. The springline of the chancel arch extends the circumference of the apse, above which three recessed circular windows light the chancel. Zion's reredos is a simple wood surround crowned by cross in the center of a broken scroll pediment. Other interior features include a wide center aisle, scroll-topped pews, plaster barrel-vaulted ceiling, and a rear paneled balcony supported by Tuscan columns.

    A 1-story wing connects the sanctuary to the Parish Hall, a side-gabled roofline with vestibule in projecting front gable. Rebuilt in 1925 along with the sanctuary, this hall is equally modest in form and detailing. Its front façade features a gabled-front vestibule with cornice returns and a round-headed entry surround. A paneled double-door is flanked by Tuscan pilasters and fanlight. Palladian-motif window groupings flank the vestibule - 12/12 double-hung sash windows flanking central 18/18 double-hung sash windows capped by lighted round arch.

    Zion Church is sited on the high point of its 7 acres of grounds, facing Northern Boulevard. Cemetery plots fill the east and west yards. A tall, fieldstone wall borders the southern end of the property along Northern Boulevard, with an opening for an on-axis approach road onto the property. An acre and a half parking lot is across 44th Avenue from the Parish House. A two-car frame garage sits in the western section of cemetery.

     

  2. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8111/115
     
    Address
     
     
    Date of Construction
    1890
     
    Architect
     
     
    Builder
    Samuel Lindbloom
     
    Original Owner
    Zion Episcopal Church (built as the Zion Episcopal Church Rectory; near identical construction to 8106/68)

    Contributing: largely intact. 2 ½-story, single-family house, box plan (prior to rear additions), symmetrical façade treatment, front-gabled roofline. Blue weatherboard, with blue wood-shingled gables (mixed pattern). "Free classic" mix of Queen Anne and Colonial Revival stylistic elements: full-front wrapped wood porch with turned spindle supports; shallow cross-gable 2-story bay; hipped bay window; bracketed eaves; pronounced window crowns and sills; Palladian window in front gable; arched attic windows in side and rear gables; classical door surround, with paneled door with leaded transom and sidelights. Alterations include 2-story pyramid hipped roof rear extension; and 1-story shed-roof rear entry wing. Landscape elements include mature trees in extensive lawn.

     

  3. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8111/12, 11, 110, 10, 9
     
    Address
    44-17, 44-19, 44-21, 44-23, 44-25 Douglaston Parkway
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1925
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: largely intact. Contributing: largely intact. 2-story commercial strip, flat roof, continuous decorative parapet crested at each end, with large central pediment. Beige brick and terra cotta cladding. Classically inspired detailing includes: 2-story terra cotta pilasters marking divisions between stores; continuous cornice-line modillions and dentils; continuous terra cotta frieze and string course; cartouche in central pediment. Double-hung sash windows line the upper floors (some original 6/1 remain). overall integrity strong; alterations include: painted brick in central section; modified storefronts; variety of awnings and signage.

     

  4. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8111/8
     
    Address
    44-27 Douglaston Parkway
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1925
     
    Architect
    Alfred Auslander
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Isidor Goldberg (Originally: Douglaston National Bank of New York)

    Contributing: largely intact. 1-story commercial building, flat roof with crested parapet, featuring bas-relief medallion announcing building date. Beige brick and terra cotta cladding. Classically inspired detailing includes: pilasters across facade, continuous cornice-line dentils; formal entry with recessed surround and bracketed cornice. "Douglaston National Bank of New York" is engraved in frieze, and window grilles feature stylized "DNB" logo in iron. Original paneled double-door with transom light.

     

  5. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8111/1
     
    Address
    44-29 - 44-41 Douglaston Parkway 242-01 - 242-03 Northern Boulevard
     
    Date of Construction
    1925-27
     
    Architect
    H. Howard, Far Rockaway
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    George W. Godfrey, Douglaston

    Contributing: largely intact. 2-story commercial strip, deck roofline, punctuated by four prominent front-gabled sections. Brick and stucco cladding. Tudor Revival elements include: steeply pitched gabled-front forms with half-timbering in gables and along the spandrel (diamond-patterned); deep eave overhangs, with exposed rafters. 1/1 double-hung sash windows at the second story. Relatively few alterations to brick storefronts; new uniform stationary awnings.

     

  6. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8108/55
     
    Address
    43-05 242nd Street (Hamilton Place)
     
    Date of Construction
    1908
     
    Architect
    H. Howard, Far Rockaway
     
    Builder
    LINK__W. J. Hamilton, Douglaston
     
    Original Owner
    W. J. Hamilton, Douglaston

    Contributing: slightly altered. 2 ½-story single-family house, American foursquare plan, hipped roofline. Asbestos shingle cladding. Colonial Revival elements include: centered, concrete entry porch with square post supports and simple entablature; paneled door with transom and pilaster surround prominent central Palladian window with original lights at 2nd story; centered hipped dormer with a triple window group; 1-story shallow intersecting hipped bay. Alterations include a 1-room addition at side with screened porch at 2nd story. A two-car hipped roof garage shares the small lot.

     

  7. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8108/60, 61 8108/63, 65, 66, 72, 73, 76 8108/76
     
    Address
    242-14, 16 43rd Avenue (Pine Street) 43-02, 06, 10, 12, 18, 20, 24, 26 243rd Street (Orient Avenue) 242-15, 17 44th Avenue (Church Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    1908
     
    Architect
    Palmer H. Ogden for Murgatroyd and Ogden, Manhattan
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Oscar Hallison

    Contributing: largely intact. Six 2 ½-story multi-family dwellings (two- and four-unit buildings), rectangular plan, paired cross-gabled rooflines in front and parallel-hipped in rear. Red brick cladding, with clinker brick accents. Each building's single entryway provides a strong semblance to single-family homes, in deference to the neighborhood context. Strong Tudor Revival stylistic elements include: grouped casement windows on façade and in dormers (most intact, some replaced); slate roofs. Entryways are subtly different on each building, i.e., shed-roofed enclosure with classical surround, paneled door with fanlight; front-gabled enclosure with round arched surround; front-gabled enclosure with pilaster surround and sidelights; front-gabled, recessed entry. Some buildings include subterranean garages; others have new shed garages. Landscape elements include stucco and brick retaining walls, rear gardens and mature trees.

     

  8. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8108/202
     
    Address
    43-21 242nd Street (Hamilton Place)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1929
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: slightly altered. 2-story, single-family house, massed plan, side-gabled roofline. White aluminum siding. Colonial Revival elements include salt box form with low sweeping roof to cover a broad entrance porch with square post supports. A full-length pent-roofed dormer across the porch lights the second floor. Exterior, gable-wall chimney in brick dominates west facade. Alterations include a long, low wing added in the 1940s, producing an L-configuration. Landscape elements include specimen trees and garden terrace behind white picket fence at property line.

     

  9. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8108/206
     
    Address
    43-17 242nd Street (Hamilton Place)
     
    Date of Construction
    1908
     
    Architect
    William J. Hamilton, Douglaston
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    William J. Hamilton (near identical construction to 8108/209)

    Contributing: altered. 2 ½-story single-family house, American foursquare plan, hipped roofline. White asbestos shingle cladding. Colonial Revival elements include: bracketed eaves; central hipped dormer with lattice lights; full-front hipped; 2-story, shallow intersecting hipped bay on north facade. Boxed eave overhang, with wooden brackets. Alterations include: enclosed porch with new door and windows, column supports intact. A 1-car front-gabled garage at. Landscape elements include border shrubs.

     

  10. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8108/209
     
    Address
    43-11 242nd Street (Hamilton Place)
     
    Date of Construction
    1908
     
    Architect
    William J. Hamilton, Douglaston
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    William J. Hamilton (near identical construction to 8108/206)

    Contributing: slightly altered. 2 ½-story single-family house, American foursquare plan, hipped roofline. White asbestos shingle cladding. Colonial Revival elements central hipped dormer with paired windows; full-front hipped wood porch simple column supports; paneled door with finely wrought cornice and pilaster surround; 2-story shallow intersecting hipped bay on north façade. Boxed eave overhang (brackets removed). Alterations include 1-story rear addition with roof deck. 2-car cinder-block hipped-roof garage at rear. Landscape elements include border shrubs.

     

  11. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8107/21
     
    Address
    43-57 Douglaston Parkway (Main Avenue)
     
    Date of Construction
    1918
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    John Stuart, Little Neck
     
    Original Owner
    Adolph Helmus, Douglaston (near identical construction to 8107/231)

    Contributing: heavily altered. 2 ½-story single family house, American foursquare plan, hipped roofline. White aluminum siding and boxed eaves. Colonial Revival elements include: full-front hipped porch; central hipped dormer; 2nd-story bay window over off-center entryway; 2-story shallow intersecting hipped bay. Heavy alterations include enclosed porch with new windows and door inset; garage enlarged to serve as both garage and sunroom, connected to main house by on-story wing. Landscape elements include stone and concrete perimeter retaining wall.

     

  12. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8107/38
     
    Address
    240-16 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1909
     
    Architect
    Walter J. Halliday, Jamaica, Queens
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Adolph Helmus, Douglaston

    Contributing: largely intact. 2 ½-story single-family house, cross-gabled roofline. Asphalt-shingle cladding at 2nd and attic stories, restored wood-shingle cladding at 1st story. Stylistic mix of Colonial Revival and Queen Anne: full-front hipped wrapped porch, with Tuscan column supports and plain balustrade; full eave return on front gable; arched window at attic story with original pane configuration; three 1/1 double-hung sash windows across front. Three-car garage at rear. Landscape elements include mature trees in rear; mature shrubs in front.

     

  13. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8107/40
     
    Address
    240-22 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    1907
     
    Architect
    George W. Cornell, Little Neck
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Catherine D. Burne

    Contributing: largely intact. 2 ½-story, single-family house, cross-hipped roofline. Aluminum siding and boxed eaves. Mix of Colonial Revival and Queen Anne stylistic elements: full-front hipped curving wrapped porch, with Tuscan column supports and plain balustrade; two hipped dormers (some with original multipane lights) across front, central dormer in cross-hipped projection; two hipped dormers on west façade; sidelighted front entry; an unusual 35-light upper sash on porch; pronounced window crowns and sills. End chimney partially exposed. Landscape elements include mature trees in rear; border shrubs and plantings, slate and concrete drive.

     

  14. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8107/43
     
    Address
    240-34 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    1908
     
    Architect
    Keith Co., Minneapolis, Minnesota
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Ellen G. O'Leary

    Contributing: largely intact. 2 ½-story single-family house, American foursquare plan, hipped-roofline, symmetrical façade treatment. White wood-shingle cladding. Colonial Revival (and some Shingle style) elements include: prominent, central projecting octagonal bay at the second story, with three 6/6 sash windows, roof-line balustrade, and paneled fascia - all crowned by gabled dormer with deep, flared eave, bracketed overhang and full eave return; full-front porch with shingled supports (porch enclosure used original elliptical arched forms to frame multi-light windows); shingled, gabled dormers centered on side facades; one side includes a cantilevered, hipped-roof window. Second story is cantilevered at rear. Landscape elements include mature trees and thick shrubbery and ground coverings.

     

  15. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8107/46
     
    Address
    240-34 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    1908
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    William J. Hamilton, Douglaston
     
    Original Owner
    Josephine Hamilton

    Contributing: largely intact. 2 ½-story single-family house, American foursquare plan, hipped roofline with cross gable for attic light. White wood-shingle cladding. Colonial Revival (and some Shingle style) elements include: central projecting octagonal bay at the second story with roof-line balustrade, and paneled fascia; small Palladian window at attic story; full-front porch with shingled supports, three large elliptical arched openings at front and sides; central entry in slightly projected vestibule; shingled, gabled dormers centered on side facades; one side includes a cantilevered, hipped-roof window. Small 1-car front-gabled garage at rear. Landscape elements include mature trees in rear.

     

  16. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8107/49
     
    Address
    240-44 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1909
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: altered. 2 ½-story, single-family house, irregular plan, cross-gabled roofline. Aluminum siding. Mix of Colonial Revival and Queen Anne stylistic elements include: slightly projecting gables on four sides; front gable features recessed, paired attic windows; pedimented portico at center of full-front wrapped wood porch with plain column supports and spindle balusters. Alterations include: front wing addition, encompassed west end of porch; eave overhangs and attic window surround boxed in aluminum siding. Landscape elements include mature trees in rear, mature border shrubs.

     

  17. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8107/52
     
    Address
    240-48 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    1907
     
    Architect
    T. P. Allen, Grand Rapids, Michigan
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    William J. Hamilton, Douglaston

    Contributing: slightly altered. 2 ½-story, single-family house, modified cross-gabled roofline, cross gables for attic light on front and east facade. Asbestos-shingle cladding. Mix of Colonial Revival and Queen Anne stylistic elements include: flared-eave porch roof features a three-part inset dormer, with latticed-light rectangular window flanked by paired 1/1 double-hung sash windows; half-front wood porch with attenuated column supports and plain balustrade; paired lattice light window in front gable; cantilevered shed-roof window on east facade. Rear façade incorporates a small inset porch with sleeping porch above. Landscape elements include mature perimeter hedgerow.

     

  18. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8107/212
     
    Address
    43-14 242nd Street (Hamilton Place)
     
    Date of Construction
    1918
     
    Architect
    John Stuart, Little Neck
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Adolf Helmus, Douglaston

    Contributing: heavily altered. 2 1/2-story, single-family house, massed plan, modified gambrel roof. "Wood-grained" aluminum siding. Heavily altered: enclosed front porch with plate-glass windows across front; exaggerated central gabled dormer with interpretation of a Palladian window motif. Two-car garage on north edge of property.

     

  19. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8107/214
     
    Address
    43-20 242nd Street (Hamilton Place)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1907
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: largely intact. 2 1/2-story, four-family residence, U-shaped plan, modified front-gabled roofline with superimposed steep gable form on fronts ends of "U." Rough, gray stucco surface. Tudor Revival elements include: half-timbering in gables; steep gable forms; grouped windows. Recessed entry courtyard created by 2nd-story balcony with parapet, connecting the rear of the main gabled forms. Courtyard entrance marked by long sides of front gables - only four feet from the ground. Four entries are concealed by balcony. Diminutive gable form with half-timbering is centered above balcony floor. Some original 6/6 sash windows remain. Three-car garage, Tudor-style garage, with original wood doors is at rear of lot.

     

  20. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8107/219
     
    Address
    241-17 and 241-21 44th Avenue (Church Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1925
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: largely intact. Two, mirrored 2-story, two-family residences, L-shaped plan, multiple front-gabled roofline, with round tower tucked into front façade. Beige stucco surfaces and brick cladding (with clinker brick accents). Tudor Revival elements include: half-timbering detailing in gables; overhanging gables; multi-colored slate roof; grouped windows along side facades; conical, copper roof on tower; rough stone quoining. Red "Dutch" doors with strapped hinges. Prominent exterior brick chimney. Subterranean garage of complementary design and detailing. Landscape elements include brick retaining wall, mature shrubs, ivy and hedge borders.

     

  21. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8107/231
     
    Address
    241-11 44th Avenue (Church Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1908
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Presumed Builder
    John Stuart, Little Neck
     
    Original Owner
    Adolf Helmus, Douglaston (near identical construction to 8107/21)

    Contributing: heavily altered. 2 ½-story single family house, American foursquare plan, hipped roofline. White aluminum siding and boxed eaves. Colonial Revival elements include: full-front hipped porch; central hipped dormer; 2nd-story bay window over off-center entryway; 2-story shallow intersecting hipped bay on side facade. Heavy alterations include: enclosed porch with new oriel, multi-light windows and door inset. Landscape elements include stone and concrete perimeter retaining wall.

     

  22. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/5
     
    Address
    42-25 240th Street (Prospect Avenue)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1900
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: largely intact. 2 ½-story, single-family house, irregular plan, side-gabled roofline with corner tower and full-width porch (now enclosed). Blue weatherboard at first story, and wood-shingle cladding at second story and dormers. Queen Anne stylistic elements include polygonal tower with conical roof, paneled frieze, and exposed eave brackets; hipped dormer with paired square windows; most windows 4/4 double-hung sash, with one small, arched window hood with keystone and original small-pane surround; projecting side gable and flared drip mold. Alterations include: enclosed porch, with louvered windows and aluminum front door inset; porch pediment retained, marking entry. Landscape elements include siting on terraced berm high above street, border plantings, cobblestone gutter and fieldstone retaining wall at sidewalk. A front-gabled weatherboard garage is at rear.

     

  23. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/9
     
    Address
    42-17 240th Street (Prospect Avenue)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1915
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: largely intact. 2 ½-story, single-family house, rectangular plan, cross-gable roofline. White stucco surface. Tudor Revival stylistic elements include: half-timbering detailing in front and side gables; steeply pitched roof; three-bay oriel with flared copper roof on front gable façade; horizontal band of square windows in shed dormer; prominent end chimney clad in stucco; deep partial porch under sloping; bracketed post supports and simple balustrade. Wood and stucco garage at rear. Landscape features include: siting on a terraced berm above the street, mature trees, cobblestone gutter and tree pit at sidewalk.

     

  24. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/12
     
    Address
    42-09 240th Street (Prospect Avenue)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1925
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: largely intact. 2-story, single-family house, rectangular plan with porch wing, side-gabled roofline. Blue wood-shingle cladding. Colonial Revival elements include symmetrical façade; strong cornice line; accentuated entry portico with open pediment and cornice return, supported by finely wrought pilasters and columns; pronounced window surrounds; 6/6 double-hung sash windows; paneled door with multiple sidelights and fanlight. Alterations include: metal awning covering the porch wing's roof platform. Landscape features include cobblestone gutters and tree pits, bluestone curbs and mature shrubbery. A small front-gabled garage is at rear.

     

  25. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/15
     
    Address
    240-02 42nd Avenue (Poplar Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1850, main section
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: altered. 2-story, single-family house, main section is rectangular form with front-gabled roofline, two well-proportioned gabled wings and a shed-roof attached-garage at rear, porch added on north facade. Weatherboard cladding. Mix of colonial stylistic influences. Adam Colonial: strong cornice; pedimented window enframements. Dutch Colonial: deep flared porch eave with post supports. Other early American elements include: bracketed eaves; prominent exterior, eave chimney. Alterations: anecdotal/oral history evidence indicates that this house was moved from the corner of Douglaston Parkway and Northern Boulevard (now site of commercial strips) in the mid-1920s. Several alterations and additions presumed to have happened after the move - e.g., main entry (now located in rear wing, approached via porch) presumed to have been in gable front facing 240th Street. Landscape elements include mature trees set in large lawn, perimeter hedge along 42nd Avenue.

     

  26. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/18
     
    Address
    240-18 42nd Avenue (Poplar Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1925
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: slightly altered. 2-story single-family house, irregular plan, modified front-gabled roofline - front gable projects from flared-eave form. Blue aluminum siding. Colonial Revival elements include: cornice return on gable; inset shed dormer on west façade; triple window grouping on side façade; pilaster entryway surround, wooden segmental pediment, paneled door; wooden segmental pediment over front façade window grouping. Alterations include: wood spandrel on front gable facade; louvered window group; shed roof addition across rear façade; new garage door. Sloping site allows for subterranean garage, hidden by retaining wall and landscaping. Landscape elements include mature trees and shrubs.

     

  27. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/21
     
    Address
    240-24 42nd Avenue (Poplar Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    1903
     
    Architect
    Frank P. Allen & Son
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Ellen O'Leary. (near identical construction to 8106/23)

    Contributing: altered. 2-story single-family house, American foursquare plan, modified cross-gable roofline. White wood-shingle cladding. Shingle style elements include: multi-level eaves with slight flares and shingled cornice returns; unusual window placement under eaves at intersection of truncated gables. Queen Anne elements include: full-front wrapped hipped-roof porch with Tuscan column supports and simple balusters; pronounced window crowns and sills. Alterations include partial enclosure of porch. Small front-gable shed at rear. Landscape features include large rear yard with mature trees; low cobblestone retaining wall at sidewalk.

     

  28. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/23
     
    Address
    240-38 42nd Avenue (Poplar Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    1903
     
    Architect
    Frank P. Allen & Son
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Ellen O'Leary. (near identical construction to 8106/21)

    Contributing: altered. 2-story single-family house, American foursquare plan, modified cross-gable roofline. White wood-shingle cladding. Shingle style elements include: multi-level eaves with slight flares and shingled cornice returns; unusual window placement under eaves at intersection of truncated gables. Queen Anne elements include pronounced window crowns and sills. Alterations include removal of original front porch, replaced by pedimented porch hood supported by metal piers. 1-story screened porch addition at rear. Front-gabled garage in rear. Landscape features mature trees at rear; low cobblestone retaining wall at sidewalk.

     

  29. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/25
     
    Address
    240-40 42nd Avenue (Poplar Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    1903
     
    Architect
    Frank P. Allen & Son
     
    Builder
    Hamilton
     
    Original Owner
    Josephine Hamilton. (near identical construction to 8106/27)

    Contributing: slightly altered. 2-story single-family house, American foursquare plan, modified cross-gable roofline. Asbestos shingle siding. Shingle style elements include: multi-level eaves with slight flares and shingled cornice returns; unusual window placement under eaves at intersection of truncated gables. Queen Anne elements include: full-front hipped-roof porch with Tuscan column supports and simple balusters; pronounced window crowns and sills. Alterations include: 1-story addition at rear. Landscape features include mature trees in front and rear.

     

  30. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/27
     
    Address
    240-42 42nd Avenue (Poplar Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    1903
     
    Architect
    Frank P. Allen & Son
     
    Builder
    Hamilton
     
    Original Owner
    Josephine Hamilton. (near identical construction to 8106/25)

    Contributing: altered. 2-story single-family house, American foursquare plan, modified cross-gable roofline. White wood-shingle cladding. Shingle style elements include: multi-level eaves with slight flares and shingled cornice returns; unusual window placement under eaves at intersection of truncated gables. Queen Anne elements include pronounced window crowns and sills. Alterations include removal of original front porch, replaced by gabled entry porch supported by metal piers. 1-story addition at rear. Landscape features include mature trees at rear.

     

  31. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/49
     
    Address
    242-19 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1909
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    John Stuart

    Contributing: largely intact. 2 ½-story single-family house, American foursquare plan, front-gabled roofline, with shallow intersecting gable on west facade. White wood-shingle cladding. Mix of Colonial Revival and Queen Anne stylistic elements include: symmetrical fenestration on front façade; full-front hipped porch; projecting gable at attic story on front and intersecting gables; cantilevered wall extension on east facade. Sloping site allows for a full-story brick basement. 1/1 double-hung sash windows. Alterations include: enclosed porch with original pilaster door surround incorporated; "suburban" screen door on basement entry. Landscape elements include mature trees.

     

  32. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/53
     
    Address
    242-09 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1890
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: slightly altered. 2 ½-story, single-family house, American foursquare plan, front-gabled roofline. Grey aluminum siding. Mix of Colonial Revival and Queen Anne stylistic elements include: symmetrical fenestration (4/4 double-hung sash) on front façade; front gable projects slightly at cornice and attic levels; gabled dormers with cornice returns and paired windows on side facades; hipped bay on east façade; full-front hipped wood porch with Tuscan column supports, spindle balusters. Front entry and two full-story windows have matching wood surrounds. Landscape elements include mature trees and shrubs.

     

  33. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/55
     
    Address
    242-03 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1909
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: largely intact. 2 ½-story single-family house, American foursquare plan, hipped roofline. Brown wood-shingle cladding. Mix of Colonial Revival and Queen Anne stylistic elements include: symmetrical treatment of fenestration (1/1 sash windows) on front façade; full-front gabled, wrapped wood porch supported by Tuscan columns and plain balusters; shingled gable dormers with cornice returns and paired 1/1 windows all sides; central roof platform around an interior chimney, with paneled parapet and urn finials. Two small barns in rear: one likely dates to construction of the house; a second likely predates the house. Landscape elements include mature trees at rear.

     

  34. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/61
     
    Address
    242-01 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    1914
     
    Architect
    Isaac Beers, Little Neck
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Isaac Beers, Little Neck

    Contributing: largely intact. 2-story single-family house, irregular plan, Jerkin head gabled roofline. Red wood-shingle cladding. Shingle Style influences include a complex intersection of rooflines -- hipped roof partial porch and flat roof dormer dominate the front façade; enclosed porch with tripartite and paired multi-light windows in elliptical enframements; modest decorative detailing such as a bracketed cornice at the Jerkin head roof ridge. Prominent end chimney features Flemish bond brickwork. Landscape elements include mature trees and shrubs.

     

  35. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/63
     
    Address
    240-51 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1960
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: largely intact. 1 1/2-story single-family house, irregular plan, low pitched gable roofline. Brick cladding. International Style and Prairie stylistic elements include horizontal window panels; overhanging eaves with exposed, paired roof beams; board and batten detailing on attic story; off-center entry with prominent stone porch. Landscape elements, such as mature trees and other plantings, are integrated into the house design.

     

  36. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/68
     
    Address
    240-45 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1890
     
    Presumed Architect
    Samuel Lindbloom
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown (near identical construction to 8111/115)

    Contributing: largely intact. 2 ½-story single-family house, irregular plan, front-gabled roof. White weatherboard cladding, with white wood-shingled gables (mixed pattern). Mix of Queen Anne and Colonial Revival stylistic elements: symmetrical treatment of front façade; full-front wrapped wood porch with column supports and spindle balusters; shallow cross-gable on west facade; hipped bay window on east facade; bracketed eaves; pronounced window crowns and sills; Palladian window in front gable; arched attic windows in side and rear gables; classical door surround, with pilasters and entablature, paneled door with leaded transom and sidelights. A small frame garage is at rear. Landscape elements include mature trees at rear.

     

  37. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/69
     
    Address
    240-35 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    1901
     
    Architect
    D.S. Hopkins
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Josephine Hamilton (near identical construction to 8106/73)

    Contributing: largely intact. 2 ½-story single-family house, American foursquare plan, hipped with cross-gabled roofline. White weatherboard. Largely intact "Free Classic" Queen Anne. Bracketed eaves on hipped section and hipped dormers. 1/1 double-hung sash windows, some with ornamental crowns. Deep, semi-elliptical entry porch with Tuscan column supports resting on plain balustrade; strong cornice line topped with roof-line balustrade; paneled door with beveled oval light. Gabled front projects slightly framed by corner pilasters; the apex is treated as a pediment and base resting on cornice returns. East façade gabled dormer features a projecting apex to frame an elaborate Palladian window, with original lights, and the roofline is broken to accommodate ornamental swags on frieze below the window group. A side-wing sun porch features pilaster supports, is topped by a roof-line balustrade and rests on a visible stone foundation. Carriage house/garage at rear. Landscape elements include large rear yard with mature trees, mature hedgerow at front of house. Original 1853 lot subdivided only once.

     

  38. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/73
     
    Address
    240-25 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    1901
     
    Architect
    D.S. Hopkins
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Ellen G. O'Leary (near identical construction to 8106/69)

    Contributing: slightly altered. 2 ½-story single-family house, American foursquare plan, hipped with cross-gabled roofline. Aluminum siding and boxed eaves. "Free Classic" Queen Anne, with substantial original ornament removed. 1/1 double-hung sash windows, no ornamental crowns remain. Deep, semi-elliptical entry porch with strong cornice line; Tuscan column supports resting on plain balustrade (roof-line balustrade removed. Gabled front projects slightly (corner pilasters removed); the apex is treated as a pediment. East façade gabled dormer features a projecting apex to frame an elaborate Palladian window, with original lights, and the roofline is broken to accommodate (now covered with aluminum siding) ornamental swags on frieze below the window group. Side-wing sun porch is enclosed. Carriage house/garage at rear. Landscape elements include large rear yard with mature trees, mature hedgerow at front of house. Original 1853 lot subdivided only once.

     

  39. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/78
     
    Address
    240-17 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    1925
     
    Architect
    Sam Lindbloom, Douglaston
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Mrs. A. R. Newman, Douglaston

    Contributing: largely intact. 2-story single-family house, rectangular plan, cross-gable roofline. White wood-shingle cladding. Four-bay shed dormer dominates the façade; 6/6 double-hung sash windows symmetrically span the front. Colonial Revival stylistic elements include pronounced window enframements and cornice line. A modest, column entry porch at west facade, just behind a prominent brick exterior end chimney. Landscape includes mature trees and shrubs, and gardens along a cobblestone embankment, slate entry walk from sidewalk.

     

  40. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8106/81
     
    Address
    240-11 43rd Avenue (Pine Street)
     
    Date of Construction
    1915
     
    Architect
    Aubrey B. Grantham, Edward Johns
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Mrs. A. Z. Newman

    Contributing: largely intact. 1 ½-story single-family house, rectangular plan with side wing, side-gabled roofline. Green wood-shingle cladding. Craftsman stylistic elements include: deep eave overhang; central flat-roof dormer with horizontal window grouping; trellised entry porch; tripartite 6/6 sash window arrangement flanking central entry. Column-supported pergola over driveway. Original garage at rear of house. Landscape includes mature trees at rear, cobblestone retaining wall at sidewalk.

     

  41. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8105/1
     
    Address
    41-23 240th Street (Prospect Avenue)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1910
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: largely intact. 2-story single-family house, American foursquare plan, hipped roofline. Beige stucco surface, brick bases for porch and sun-room wing, wood window enframements. Prairie Style influences include: overall horizontal form; shed roof dormers on each façade, with tripartite square window grouping; shed roof cantilevered window bays, with tripartite 1/1 window grouping, flanking flat-roof entry porch; massive square porch supports; symmetrical fenestration on all sides. Front-gabled, cinderblock garage at rear. Landscape elements include: mature trees and shrubs. Original 1853 lot nearly intact.

     

  42. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8105/9
     
    Address
    41-45 240th Street (Prospect Avenue)
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1900
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: altered. 2-story single-family house, I-house plan, side-gabled roofline, with rear intersecting gable. White weatherboard cladding; exposed brick foundation. Vernacular form with little ornamentation; symmetrical fenestration, shed roof dormer with paired attic windows, and added pilasters to enclosed porch reflect a Colonial Revival influence. Alterations include: enclosed porch with windows and door inset; one-story wing on south façade. Landscape elements include: many mature trees; expansive lawn; flagstone path from sidewalk to entry; Belgian block curb. Original 1853 lot largely intact.

     

  43. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8103/21
     
    Address
    105 Depew Avenue
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1835; major addition in 1902
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: altered. 2 ½-story single-family house, irregular plan. Original section is 2-room form with front-gabled roofline; 1902 addition is 2-story wing with Jerkin head roofline facing front of lot (north). White weatherboard cladding. Two entrances: full-front porch on original section; small porch with gabled hood on 1902 section. Mix of Colonial Revival and Queen Anne stylistic elements on 1902 section: 2nd-story hipped bay window set on an asbestos-shingled base with exposed rafters below; 2-story shed roof cantilevered bay uses same asbestos-shingling to form a spandrel between floors; shed roof dormer on west façade. Mix of 6/6 and 1/1 double-hung sash windows. A "cottage-like" front-gabled (tin roof), wood-shingled garage at front of property; retains original doors and 9/1 attic windows, shed roof dormer with paired 2/2 windows. Landscape elements include many mature trees, shrubs and ground cover; house is set near rear of expansive lot; dry-stone retaining wall near garage.

     

  44. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8103/25
     
    Address
    240-27 Depew Avenue
     
    Date of Construction
    ca. 1873
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: altered. 2-story single-family house, shotgun plan, side-gabled. White weatherboard cladding. Vernacular "cottage" built into a hill site, creating two connected split-level forms. 6/6, 4/4 double-hung sash windows at first story, 6-light single-pane square windows at second story, shed roof entry porch with square post supports. Rear shed roof screened porch.

     

  45. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8101
     
    Address
    42nd Avenue, 240th Street and Douglaston Parkway
     
    Date of Construction
    1940
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Catharine Turner Richardson Park

    Contributing: 125' x 340' x 340' public park on site of former school; created under Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia and Parks Commissioner Robert Moses. Recently renovated by New York City Parks Department, upgrading paving and planting within original configuration of central footpaths lined with seating, set amidst mature trees and ornamental plantings.

     

  46. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8102/Lot 5
     
    Address
    41-14 240th Street
     
    Date of Construction
    Circa 1920
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: largely intact. 2 ½-story, single-family house, American four square plan symmetrical façade treatment, side-gabled roofline, slate roof, blue wood-shingled siding, central brick chimney. Colonial Revival stylistic elements include: symmetrical front facade; pronounced window crowns and sills; black painted wood shutters, Classical wood door surround at paneled front door, 6/6 sash double hung wood windows. Landscape elements include: multi-colored slate path with temporary wood ramp at front door, mature trees and mature evergreen shrubs framing front facade, cobblestone curbs.

     

  47. Borough of Queens Tax Map Block/Lot
    8102/Lot 8
     
    Address
    41-10 240th Street
     
    Date of Construction
    early 1920s
     
    Architect
    Unknown
     
    Builder
    Unknown
     
    Original Owner
    Unknown

    Contributing: largely intact. 2 ½-story, single-family house, American four square plan with side entry, asymmetrical façade treatment at front entry side with prominent brick chimney, front-gabled roofline, beige stucco siding with beige synthetic siding at dormers and at gabled peaks. Tudor Revival stylistic elements include: steeply pitched roofs and shed dormers, asymmetrical front facade, 6/6 sash double hung wood windows. Alterations include entry portico with square wood columns at front door, one-story addition at rear. Landscape elements include: mature trees and mature evergreen shrubs, cobblestone curbs.